Children’s sports-game complexes
What are the basics of safe behavior of children in sports complexes?
This question is constantly asked by parents, especially in the first stage of development of the sports complex. But the child from the first days of life, with the development of various kinds of movement, faced with the danger of hitting, stumble, fall. And this danger is stalking us the whole life, both in everyday situations, for example, on slippery stairs, on the wet grass or icy roads in the winter, and to sports activities in football, hockey, athletics, wrestling, Sambo, judo and
With the development of skeletal-muscular system in rolling the child will be formed skills of agility, strength, endurance, and good coordination of movements of different parts of the body will come and the ability to quickly and reliably navigate in space. It is crucial to teach the child how to fall, to control the body when losing balance. To teach this is not such a difficult task. Training is preferably carried out in the areas designated for physical education classes on a fairly soft surface, – gymnastic mats, wrestling Mat, etc. the Technique of execution of all techniques should be improved to master all of it. Here are the basic techniques of human behavior in the fall:
When falling to the side you have to bend feet in coxofemoral and knee joints, thus bringing the case to the crash site, bend your elbows and put them to the body, reject the head in the opposite direction of the fall. The faster and more accurately worked out the movement, the less the impact force and safer landing.
Falling forward on his hands, elongated, slightly bent at the elbow joints. The blow is softened muscle strength of hands, but if its not enough, additionally the upper body. The head should be tilted backwards, the legs should be straightened, to avoid damage to the knee joints.
It is dangerous to fall in the emphasis on direct hands. This can lead to fractures in the forearm and elbow joints. More difficult is falling forward when developing a significant force of inertia, for example, in the fall during the run, the run of the vault, varieties of running. Falling forward in this case is transferred to one or more somersaults forward over her shoulder. However, this technique is technically difficult and to teach it with caution after a preliminary special training.
When falling down, legs slightly bent at the knee and hip joints, feet kept parallel to the surface of the landing. The body is somewhat inclined forwards. The arms bend at the elbows and pressed to the body. The impact at landing is softened muscular force of the legs, as if to keep the balance failed, the landing end up falling to the side or forward on his hands.
In the fall back the hands need to be separated to the side, bend the elbow, palms down. Her head tilted to the chest, legs bent and pressed against the casing, the force of impact upon landing soften the blow of the hands on the earth and completes an interception over the back and shoulder or on the back, if inertia is negligible.
Especially dangerous is the fall back point blank. It could result in serious injury to the torso, internal organs, head. Techniques falling back should be given special attention. In some cases, fall back with the loss of balance can be moved to a more secure falling sideways.
It is important to remember! The safe falling skills, developed in childhood, persist whole life, protecting the person from injury. According to the statistics of fall damage about 80% of all injuries in children.
So, Your child masters the sports complex. Under Your supervision, introduce the little man with the dangers which beset it, that he himself was careful and attentive. And this is much more reliable protection from all sorts of dangers than the most careful guardianship of adults. Boris Pavlovich Nikitin, his father-a professional who has raised seven children, in his writings repeatedly returned to the safety of children in the fall. Here is the section of the Chapter: “Learning to walk … and to fall” from his book [B. Nikitin,Nikitin L. “We, our children and grandchildren”. Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1989, pp. 81 – 84]. “First steps, how much joy they bring to all: child and adult! And how much trouble… Especially afraid of grandmothers and mothers: what if you fall? In a soft bed it’s not so bad, but if on a hard floor? And help. Learn to walk so that the baby does not fall: hold the handles, the collar of the coat, the scarf, put in the special Walker or wear some sort of harness. And so until then, until the child learns to walk. What good will it? Of course, first of all adults – so peaceful. And the baby? Him from such “help” of little use. After all, his movements stiff, she is not its capabilities, does not know of the dangers and learns not … to fall. “Is this you need to learn?” you ask. Definitely! Because my grandmother and mother will be nearby not always in the running, outdoor game, sports very often there are situations when the fall cannot be avoided. So, heavy injury, the injury may be where able to fall will get off with only easy fright, and even such things would notice.
Athletes, especially wrestlers, acrobats, gymnasts, figure skaters, skydivers, even specifically taught to fall: to cluster, to stretch the muscles, to soften the blow-sprung legs, hands and rolling. But interestingly enough, all of these techniques – much easier than adults, and without any special training – possess children in the first years of life, unless, of course, let them. Many times, seeing how masterly are able to drop our guys, as well control your body, we tried to remember where it started? After all, we this is not specifically taught…. But did not stop them – that’s it! Very early letting them crawl on the floor, allowing them to travel through all the rooms on their own, we could not forbid your child find some support to get up from the floor, and then… and fall. Such attempts to stand, holding onto something, the children were taken dozens, even hundreds of times. And many of these attempts end in failure – the fall. From the beginning of our kids did it very cleverly, and even a little comical. Lurching back, the baby was formed easily (exactly like a penknife) and sat down in a soft place on the floor, and lurching forward, put pen and stood on all fours. When little hands are strong, they sprained, and no forehead, no nose to the floor can’t reach. Often he had no time even to be frightened and continued the journey as if nothing had happened. Neither we nor the kid that falls not attached any importance and not feared them. Only once we are seriously scared. Nine-month-old Alyosha had to leave for the day at grandma’s. And when he returned home in the evening, without any precautions, as always, I left it on the floor in the middle of the room. And then I saw a very unusual picture. Alyosha took a few steps, stopped, rocked back and began to fall. But he fell strangely upright and throwing his head back, and therefore had struck his head heavily on the floor. What is it? I could not understand what had become of his ability to fall. The “secret” was revealed the next morning, when we received a grandmother. It turns out that she, fearing that a novice Alyosha to go may fall, walked the whole day behind him and was holding him by the nape of his hand. A little kid falls backwards, and then grandma’s hand, the back of his head he relied on her. One day was enough to Alyosha changed its method of protection from injuries to my grandmother’s. And the result is a bump on the head. This case once again convinced us that such “help” is better to abstain. Still, we helped the kids learn to walk. Not only that put it in the sports room where you could find all sorts of supports and stomp around them, we still gave the kid two fingers. Initially, these fingers were solid, reliable, child tenaciously held and went with me, her mother or older brothers and sisters all over the house. But after a few days, when the child begins to stomp pretty confident that one of those fingers suddenly became unreliable, began to sway, to move wherever it nor pull, and it could not serve as a good support. The kid had to maintain a balance with just one hand, keeping only “solid” finger and throwing the other really, because the good of it was not enough. And after some time and the second hand became less and less reliable. Inevitably the baby increasingly had to rely on his strength, and he gradually started to walk independently.” Maybe someone we haven’t managed to convince more trust your child, let even small, self-knowledge of our complicated world. In this case, this issue more from the field of psychology. Try to understand your own feelings…